Tuesday Seminar Series

The Linguistics Department Tuesday Seminar is held in Agricultural Science Building, Room 204 at the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa from 12:00pm to 1:15PM every Tuesday in both Fall and Spring semesters.

Any topic related to linguistics is welcome. The seminar coordinators will be Dr. Gary Holton (Linguistics Department) and Dr. Shinichiro Fukuda (EALL Department).  If you are interested in giving a talk or would like further information, please contact Gary Holton (holton@nullhawaii.edu) or Shin Fukuda (fukudash@nullhawaii.edu).

September 2019

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  • [TS] Dr. Mika Sakai, National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (NINJAL)
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  • [TS] Doctoral Students: Emily Noschese & Jenny Sou, Linguistics Department
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10-Sep-2019
  • [TS] Dr. Mika Sakai, National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (NINJAL)

    10-Sep-2019  12:00 pm - 1:30 pm
    Agricultural Science, Room 204, 1955 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA

    Development of nominalizer in Japanese

    Abstract:  This presentation aims to present the historical development of nominalizer in Japanese. Typologically, there are two types of nominalization: “marked nominalization” and “zero nominalization.” Japanese has changed from “zero nominalization” to “marked nominalization”. That was one of the biggest historical change in the Japanese language, however, the details of the process and the system are still unclear. To analysis this phenomenon, I classify the nominalization construction into two types: the “participant type,” (human, animal, thing, etc.) and the “event type,” (event or action). Then, I found that: 1) At first, the nominalizer “= no” was attached to both types. However, 2) The change started to progress in participant type first. This data means that it was “participant type” that has a motive to change. From this data, this presentation will propose the ‘headless hypothesis’: Zero-Participant nominalization came to be reanalyzed as a “headless relative clause” and in order to fill the head gap, a nominalizer was needed.

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17-Sep-2019
  • [TS] Doctoral Students: Emily Noschese & Jenny Sou, Linguistics Department

    17-Sep-2019  12:00 pm - 1:30 pm
    Agricultural Science, Room 204, 1955 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA

    Abstract for Sign Languages of Laos (Emily Noschese):  There were two purposes to my study under a Bilinski Award.  The first purpose was to begin research to determine how many sign languages exist in Laos.  Ethnologue only lists one sign language for Laos, Laos SL.  However, since many Southeast Asian nations have more than one indigenous sign language, it is reasonable to assume that Laos may also have other sign languages in addition to Laos SL, listed by Ethnologue.  So far, our research indicates there are at least 2 sign languages in Laos.  Evidence for this will be covered in the presentation. The second purpose was to gather further data for my qualifying paper on WH questions used in Southeast Asian sign languages (SEAsls).   While Dryer (2013) indicates there are two common patterns for WH questions in spoken languages: WH question word initial and WH question word in situ, research on WH question words in sign languages in SEAsls indicates that Subject and Object WH question words always occur at the end of the sentence.  I have looked at new data on other WH question words in SEAsls and completely new data on Modern Laos Sign Language in Laos.  These data indicate that all WH question words are sentence final in SEAsls.

    Abstract for A Snapshot of Kosrae (Jenny Sou):  This presentation is a snapshot of the goals and outcomes from my first fieldwork visit to Kosrae, a state of the Federated States of Micronesia. The purpose of visiting the island were threefold: (1) to record audio and video of Kosraean stories and/or conduct an elicitation experiment, (2) to administer a survey on language, ecotourism, and education as well as assess the potential for community ecotourism projects, and (3) conduct a child language assessment study. There were some misses but overall a very fruitful visit. The foundation was laid for a possible language documentation and ecotourism project in the future. Survey data and child language data were collected as planned. Preliminary results from the child language assessment indicate that cultural specific lexical items are being lost and language shift is occurring.

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