Whether Philippine-type and Indonesian-type languages are symmetrical voice languages has been a hot debate in recent studies. This meeting will devote a special discussion on this issue with Prof. Daniel Kaufman (CUNY/Endangered Language Alliance) based on data from Formosan, Philippine, and Bornean languages contributed by members.
Daniel Kaufman (Endangered Language Alliance & Queens College)
In this talk, I use traditional constituency diagnostics such as coordination and adverb placement to investigate the status of the verb phase in Austronesian. Conservative Malayo-Polynesian languages are shown to treat the verb and Agent of a Non-Actor Voice clause as a constituent which excludes the Patient (in agreement with earlier analyses of languages such as Tagalog and Malagasy). This stands in strong contrast to (both accusative and ergative) languages of mainland SE Asia, most of which show relatively good evidence for a traditional Verb Phrase that includes the verb and Patient while excluding the Agent.
Expanding on earlier work, I argue that the unusual grouping of transitive Agent with the verb is accounted for in Austronesian by the historical reanalysis of possessors as agents. Possessors naturally form a constituent with the noun phrases they modify and thus the Possessor/Agent forms a constituent with the verb after the N>V reanalysis. This leads us to an interesting prediction regarding Puyuma and Tsou under Ross’s (2009) Nuclear Austronesian hypothesis. If only the realis paradigm consisting of Patient Voice *-en, Locative Voice *-an, and Circumstantial Voice *Si- derives historically from the reanalysis of nominalizations, we do not expect the unusual constituency of Non-Actor Voice clauses in Malayo-Polynesian languages to show up in the irrealis paradigm, which never passed through this nominal stage.
Evidence from Puyuma and Tsou points towards the existence of just such an asymmetry. Teng (2008) strongly suggests an unmarked word order in Puyuma Non-Actor Voice clauses that is highly unusual for Formosan and Philippine languages: the pivot (or NOM argument) regularly precedes the transitive agent. The unmarked status of this order was supported by experimental elicitation in recent fieldwork. Crucially, however, the unmarked Pred GenP NomP order of NAV clauses in Nuclear Austronesian languages also emerged in Puyuma in clauses with nominal predicates. This can be interpreted to support the Nuclear An Hypothesis as it represents an additional syntactic parallelism between nominal predicates in extra-Nuclear An languages and the canonical declaratives of Nuclear An languages. Beyond these particular arguments specific to Austronesian, I aim to address the wider relevance of word order and clausal constituency to solve historical questions.
Abstract linguistic knowledge in only-, first- and second-language processing
Presenter: Anne Cutler, Western Sydney University
The title subject will be illustrated by evidence from talker recognition and adaptation, phonetic-to-lexical mapping in L2, relearning of a lost language, and generalisation from speech perception to production.
Anne Cutler is a Professor and Research Chair at The MARCS Institute for Brain, Behaviour and Development at Western Sydney University, Australia. Starting out as a teacher of German as a foreign language, she has become one of the most renowned psycholinguists worldwide. She is the recipient of the Spinoza Prize of the Dutch Science Council (1999), and the author of Native listening: Language experience and the recognition of spoken words (2012).
The new Data Science Group for Language Researchers will have its next meeting on Tuesday 3/7/17 from 4-5pm in the Phonetics Lab (Moore 162). The topic for this meeting is data wrangling and tidy data. During the first half of the meeting we will explore the idea of tidy data and Hadley Wickham’s tidyverse R packages that are helpful in wrangling data. During the last half of the meeting we will work on wrangling some messy data in order to have some hands-on experience with the new R packages. All are welcome to attend but please bring your laptop with R and R Studio already installed.
UH-Immigration and Refugee Coalition Panel and Discussion.
Panelists will include an immigration attorney, and immigrant, refugee and Native Hawaiian rights advocates and organizers.
All are welcome. We are structuring this as a safe space for discussion.
Cosponsors: La Raza, La Alianza at William S. Richardson School of Law, UH Manoa Graduate Student Organization, Native Hawaiian Student Services, Aloha DREAM Team, Decolonial Pin@ys, Hawaii Coalition for Immigrant Rights, and UH – Students and Faculty for Justice in Palestine
Speaker: Dr. Joel Bradshaw
Austronesian (An) languages are scattered all along the coast and offshore islands of the mainland of Papua New guinea, from the Indonesian border all the way around to Central Papua. But there is an exceptionally wide, unexplained gap of 270 km between Numbami, the last an language on the south coast of the Huon Gulf, and Maisin, the first An language in southeast Papua. This stretch of coast is now populated entirely by speakers of Binanderean (Bin) languages belonging to the larger Trans-New Guinea family. Nevertheless, traces of contact with Oceanic (Oc) languages can be found among Bin languages, even in a few Proto-Binandere reconstructions. Bin structural influence on Maisin has been so heavy that scholars once argued about whether Maisin was basically Austronesian or Papuan. Ross (1984, 1996) has now definitively made the case for Maisin as Oc. This work presents linguistic and ethnohistorical evidence of Numbami contact with its neighboring Guhu-Samane languages, which form a very divergent group related to Bin (Smallhorn 2011), and may owe some of their divergent features to heavy contact with languages like Numbami.